The Internet has transformed into a pivotal part of our society in the current technological landscape, it’s become the life support of our world’s infrastructure and a major means of communication. The rationale reasoning behind this dependability is substantial because the internet is conveniently accessible and has reduced in cost over the past few years.
Teleco companies and Tech giants are doing their best in order to expand internet connectivity to farther areas as well as to streamline this service and make it even more effective. This often benefits both the consumers and service providers alike as the internet is also the hub of business in the current climate, people are using it for working, conducting business, taking education, and quenching their thirst for entertainment.
A majority of tech companies’ profit comes from internet-grounded operations. Google and Facebook are prime examples, as their entire business depends on the internet and they are billion-dollar firms. It is these two companies along with Elon Musk’s Starlink who are consistently working for a cheaper and extensively accessible internet for consumers.
The internet was primarily developed in the U.S. and respectively spread to other countries, thanks to the adding need for a dependable communication tool. Since its early onsets, it’s grown exponentially and to places far and wide. The web has come to be a vital part of our everyday lives. This can be easily demonstrated by the fact that it has evolved into something much bigger than the simple means of communication that it was back in the day.
Today the internet is an educational and business tool for the majority. But everything being said, this is also a fact that the web is still a fairly new technological concept and it’s continuously growing at an exponential rate. An internet connection which cost some hundred bucks a few years ago has become quite affordable now, don’t believe us, check out Planes de internet Cox, which are internet plans coming from Cox communications and specially catered towards Spanish-speaking customers. These offers are there so that people can remain connected to an essential service like the internet.
Internet Transmission Mediums
Now let us take a look at how the internet is transferred to us. The Internet is an intangible technology which is why it can be sent through numerous means but the backbone of this infrastructure is through underwater submarine cable on which the majority of internet infrastructure is dependent. The cables take the data over continents to different servers of ISPs that are generally supercomputers through which the ISP sends the allocated bandwidth to our homes in the shape of data packets. This bandwidth determines what speeds go to which consumers, depending on their subscribed package.
This transmission cycle remains identical for the most, still, slight changes do occur in the medium which is used to shoot and transfer the bandwidth. Apart from these cable infrastructures, there are other means like Satellite dishes and Cellular technology which also are used as wireless means of the internet allowing users to remain connected to the internet while on the move.
Major Differences between 4G and 5G Networks
In recent times the cellular technology has evolved at an unprecedented pace and it’s apparent with the very fact that in the history, wireless internet technologies were looked at as unstable and slow, but in recent times we have seen that 4G and 5G technologies are quite suitable to give high-speed internet to consumers on the go. 4G is extensively available currently, however, its counterpart 5G is comparatively new and still in a trial phase. Here, we’ll compare both these technologies and identify the crucial differences and advantages one has over another.
Internet speed is the major deciding factor between a transmission medium and there is a stark difference in speeds between these two technologies. When 4G was launched it had been considered a technological marvel as it was suitable to handle speeds averaging up to 8 to 10 Mbps which was quite high compared to its traditional counterpart, 3G, which was only able to handle an average of 3 Mbps. But, 5G has shattered all these benchmarks by furnishing an average bandwidth rate between 500 Mbps to 1 Gbps, indeed that’s even more than what some standard home internet providers offer.
There’s a stark difference between speed and lag, while speed is how fast data is transmitted from one place to another, lag or latency is the time taken for a request to reach the server and the reply received back by the device. Latency becomes a significant component especially when there is a huge amount of data involved. With 4G lag was low, it had been nearly in between the range of 30 to 40 milliseconds, but 5G has made lag nearly absent, with a response time between server and device of a mere 1 millisecond.
Frequency Bands are a major part of a wireless network, there are different spectrum bands that service providers own through which they transfer their data. Frequency bands can be seen as a piece of land on which different providers have their own fields.
In 4G connections, there was a small number of frequency bands and with the increase in the number of users with each passing day, the bands and their transmission capability became limited impacting the performance. But there is no such problem in a 5G connection as the 5G frequency spectrum has a hundred times more band capacity than 4G. The Spectrum Bands are measured hertz like Megahertz, so for illustration, if 4G has 100 MHz 5G will have 1000 MHz
To sum it up 4G has become a slow technology compared to the high-speed tasks that are performed today that’s why an advancement was needed and it came in the shape of 5G. 5G is quite fast and efficient but this is also a fact that it’s still in the testing phase, while also being limited to certain areas, which makes it out of reach of many countries. This shouldn’t undermine the eventuality of 5G and the fact that it is the future of both wireless internet and cell phone technology in the coming days. However, 5G will take time to be enforced completely and until then 4G is going to be our only option for wireless connectivity.